IPA Recipients for January 2019

Judy Celine Ick
Department of English and Comparative Literature
College of Arts and Letters
UP Diliman

“The Forests of Silence: Global Shakespeare in the Philippines, the Philippines in Global Shakespeare,” Shakespeare Survey 71, 26-34.

To use the term “global” alongside “Shakespeare” is just too delicious a temptation for most academics and artists to pass up. The conjuring of the Shakespearean ground zero, of its point of artistic origin, and the simultaneous invocation of its contemporary world-wide influence makes the phrase “global Shakespeare” almost too good to be true. Just how does Shakespeare exist in the production of Global Shakespeare? How is Shakespeare negotiated into the global? What kinds of reconfigurations are made necessary to append Shakespeare to the adjective global? When exactly does Shakespeare cease to be Shakespeare and when does it become “global Shakespeare?”

To begin to answer these questions, this paper tests the assumptions of global Shakespeare by turning to an absolute outlier, if not significant absence, in the field. It will look at the strategies employed by contemporary Philippine productions of Shakespearean or Shakespeare-inspired plays as they negotiate the evolution of Shakespeare from colonial artifact to an element of contemporary, post-national global culture. In varying ways, these plays lay bare how Shakespeare in the Philippines is being reconfigured from (post)colonial relic to a valid mode of cultural expression concerned less with issues of cultural authenticity and more with striving for an understanding of Filipino identity as ultimately mired in global cultural exchange. But while Filipino productions and directors wrestle with the problems of a global Shakespeare, the institutions of global Shakespeare are barely conscious of the place of the Philippines in it. Like that proverbial falling tree, Philippine Shakespeare resonates only in the forests of global Shakespeare’s archival silences.

Link to the article: https://www.cambridge.org/core/books/shakespeare-survey-71/E29A786671910D9E333073659A687FB7#fndtn-information

Aldwin Christian T. Lacuesta1, Marvin U. Herrera2, Ronniel Manalo2 and Mary Donnabelle L. Balela1
1Department of Mining, Metallurgical and Materials Engineering, College of Engineering, University of the Philippines Diliman
2Institute of Mathematical Sciences and Physics, College of Arts and Sciences, University of the Philippines Los Baños

Fabrication of kapok paper-zinc oxide-polyaniline hybrid nanocomposite for methyl orange removal, Surface and Coatings Technology, 350, 971-976

In our article, we created a paper made from kapok fibers that was harvested locally at Los Baños, Laguna. This was achieved by treating it with various chemicals to remove unwanted substances and to turn the fibers white which was originally yellowish. After the treatment process, we flattened the kapok fibers to create a paper with a grammage of 60 g/m2, which is the same as commercially available wood paper. After this process, we deposited a composite made of polyaniline and zinc oxide nanoparticles in the surface of our paper. The method that we used was a very simple successive dipping of the paper into separate chemicals in liquid form. First, the paper was dipped to aniline, then to ammonium persulfate. A chemical reaction will happen in between to form polyaniline particles on the paper. The paper (with polyaniline present) will then be dipped to zinc acetate and sodium hydroxide to create the zinc oxide particles. We determined that the optimum amount of dipping cycles to create the polyaniline was to be 50 (cycles). We validated the material using different characterization techniques such as: SEM, XRD, and FT-IR. After validation, we now tested our material on a contaminated water. Methyl orange, a common dye used in food and textile industries, was mixed with distilled water to serve as a model of wastewater. We soaked a piece of our material in the wastewater for 24 hours and determined the amount of dye that was removed in the liquid. About 70% of the dye was removed in the water after the said time, however when the process was exposed to a UV light, it was able to remove at least 80% of the dye. This is because of the unique property of zinc oxide that it performs better under the presence of light.

Link to the article: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.surfcoat.2018.03.043

Junesse d.R. Crisostomo
Department of Speech Communication and Theater Arts
College of Arts and Letters
University of the Philippines Diliman

In Court, On Air, On Trial: The Impeachment of Supreme Court Chief Justice Renato Corona as Social Drama, Humanities Diliman, 15, 1-37

This paper looks at the impeachment of Renato C. Corona, Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the Philippines, through the lens of Victor Turner’s Social Drama.

Using a rhetorical analysis approach, it classifies the events of the Corona impeachment into the different elements of Social Drama Theory, namely: Breach, Crisis, Redressive Action, and Reintegration/Schism. The Breach is the incipient situation that threatened social units such as the credibility of the judiciary and the executive branches of the government The Breach in this social drama was Corona’s midnight appointment as Chief Justice. The Crisis phase involves the widening of the Breach, specifically the events in the Articles for Impeachment against Chief Justice Corona. The Redressive Action, or what is done to heal the breach, is the Impeachment Trial itself which involved the participation of star-groupers such as the senator-judges, lawyers, and Corona himself. These star groupers are the ones who showed rhetorical performances through public speeches during the trial that served to manipulate the machinery of redress. Lastly, The Reintegration/Schism phase emphasized how aspects of a social unit may perceive the result of the Redressive Action as a healing of the breach while others perceive the result as a continuing crisis in the social units.

Other important findings show the relevance of recognizing and analyzing various conflicting versions of a Social Drama as shown in the conflicting narratives of Renato Corona and former President Benigno Aquino III regarding the whole impeachment event. The findings showed that the social drama of the Corona impeachment was not only about Corona’s alleged subservience to former Philippine President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo (PGMA) and his misdeeds as the leader of the Judiciary. It also proved that Aquino III may have also had a political agenda of his own behind the whole impeachment trial. The researcher also found that social dramas do not end in the Reintegration/Schism phase for new crises will inevitably disturb the social unit again.

Mary Donnabelle L. Balela1, Marvin U. Herreraand Szeemaine D. Tigno1
1Department of Mining, Metallurgical and Materials Engineering, College of Engineering, University of the Philippines Diliman
2Institute of Mathematical Sciences and Physics, College of Arts and Sciences, University of the Philippines Los Baños

Hydrophobicity of functionalized TiO2-based kapok nanocomposite, Surface and Coatings Technology, Volume 350, Pages 857-862

Water contact angles of a.) raw kapok fibers and b.) PTES functionalized TiO2-kapok nanocomposite

SEM images of (a,b) raw kapok fibers, (c,d) TiO2-kapok nanocomposite and (e,f) PTES functionalized TiO2-kapok nanocomposite

Kapok fibers are well-known absorbent material. Kapok is a natural plant fiber that has low density, good buoyancy, huge hollowness and excellent hydrophobicity (ability of a material to withstand water). These unique characteristics provide kapok fibers with higher oil sorption capability compared with existing oil sorbents. However, the smooth fiber surface due to its waxy coating makes it difficult to effectively retain oil. If the oil sorption capacity and hydrophobicity of kapok fiber can be further enhanced by surface functionalization, they can be more effective and economical natural sorbent materials. In order to modify the kapok fibers, TiO2 (Titanium oxide) nanoparticles and PTES were utilized. The smooth surface of the natural kapok fibers was made rougher by coating the fibers with TiO2 nanoparticles. On the other hand, PTES (1H, 1H, 2H, 2H-perfluorooctyl-triethoxysilane) was utilized in order to increase hydrophobicity. Results show that the smooth surface of the kapok fibers became rougher and the hydrophobicity of the kapok fibers became superhydrophobic meaning the kapok fibers had a contact angle greater than 150 degrees. Maximum oil sorption capacities of modified kapok fibers were investigated using diesel, gasoline, chloroform and vegetable oil. The maximum sorption capacities were 44.78, 39.48, 61.94, and 72.79 g/g, respectively.  This shows that the PTES modified kapok-TiO2 nanocomposite is very promising as oil sorbent.

Link to the article: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0257897218303785

Meliton R. Chiong III, Cecilia M. Angub, Magdaleno R. Vasquez Jr.
Department of Mining, Metallurgical, and Materials Engineering
College of Engineering
University of the Philippines Diliman

Antifouling Properties of Glass Substrates Irradiated with Acetylene Plasma. Plasma Medicine. 8, 11-22.

Images of water (left) and diiodomethane (right) droplets on glass substrates at different treatments times: (A) 0 min, (B) 1 min, (C) 3 min, and (D) 5 min.

We have developed an anti-biofilm forming surface by depositing acetylene-based thin films on surfaces using gaseous discharges.

Biofouling is a widespread problem in the operation of various surfaces. It has affected different industries such as maritime, food, water systems, and health care. Biofilms formed on the surface may become a source of health-related issues such as infections. Thus, inhibiting formation of biofilms on surfaces is necessary to prevent life-threatening diseases and infections. In this work, surfaces such as glass were coated with acetylene-based films using plasma. Results revealed that there was a delay in biofilm formation when the surfaces are covered with acetylene films according to a biofilm assay using Pseudomonas aeruginosa.

Link to the article: http://doi.org/10.1615/PlasmaMed.2018023527

Harold Monteclaro1, Gerald Quinitio1, Alan Dino Moscoso2, Ruby Napata3 and Liberty Espectato3
1IMFO-CFOS, UP Visayas
2School of Technology, UP Visayas

Impacts of Typhoon Haiyan on Philippine capture fisheries and implications to fisheries management. Ocean & Coastal Management 158 (2018) 128-133

This study was conducted in the New Washington-Batan estuary which is located in the northern part of Panay Island, at the western central part of the Philippines. The most important fishery resources in the area include shrimps, crabs, mullets, gobies, anchovies, and rabbitfishes. Local fishers use a variety of fishing gears to exploit theses resources, most of which are stationary gears such as the shrimp traps, tidal traps, fish corral, filter nets, lighted lift net, and baited lift net. These gears are primarily made of bamboo and netting material.

A census of the stationary fishing gears were conducted before and after Typhoon Haiyan. Results shows that the immediate impact of the typhoon event was disruption of fishing livelihood due to damage of fishing gears. About 94% of stationary fishing gears had considerable damage. Reconstruction of damaged stationary gears was hampered mainly by the financial capacity of fishers and the inadequate supply of bamboo. Results of the study further demonstrate that small-scale capture fisheries face added risks to associated extreme weather events and that is the physical damage of their fishing gears eventually resulting to loss of livelihood. This study highlights the need for fisheries managers to devise measures to reduce vulnerabilities among small-scale fishers.

Link to the article: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2018.03.032