Injuries suffered by workers on the job such as from falls and contact with sharp objects had been fatal
Research & Innovation | July 31, 2023
Although Occupational Health and Safety has been introduced as early as 1971, the protection of workers remained insufficient globally as 360 million occupational accidents occurred annually. In the Philippines, the incidence rate of occupational injury is 4.27 percent which indicates that there are around 4 cases of occupational injuries with workdays lost per 100 workers.
The study aims to determine the trend of work-related injuries using hospital data entries from 2010-2020, and factors that contribute to work-related injuries and worker fatalities in the Philippines. The work-related data from the Department of Health’s Online National Electronic Injury Surveillance System from 2010 to 2020 was processed and analyzed in the study using exploratory data analysis presented as table and graphs, and logistic regression and phi-coefficient analysis for statistical inference. The relationships between patient fatality, type of injury sustained, and external factors for occupational injuries and fatalities were analyzed.
A total of 72,897 (6.6%) work-related injuries and worker fatalities were analyzed in this study. It was observed that the reports of occupational injuries and fatalities increased and peaked in 2019 and declined by 2020. Phi coefficient determined that all injuries sustained were significantly associated with work-related activities. Phi coefficient showed that all types of injuries were significantly associated with patient fatality. The external causes that were found to be significantly associated with patient fatality using phi coefficient were contact with sharp objects, exposure to forces of nature, fall, and transport and vehicular crash. Fall was significantly associated with patient fatality while also increasing its odds (OR=2.57, 95% CI: 1.76 – 3.75), and increased odds for multiple injuries (OR=2.30, 95% CI: 2.17 – 2.45), abrasion (OR=2.10, 95% CI: 1.97 – 2.24), and fracture (OR=9.66, 95% CI: 8.92 – 10.46). Transport/vehicular crash was significantly associated with increased patient fatality (OR=2.94, 95% CI: 2.22 – 3.88), multiple injuries (OR=6.77, 95% CI: 6.48 – 7.07), abrasion (OR=12.87, 95% CI: 12.34), and fracture (OR=4.12, 95% CI: 3.82 – 3.45). The study determined the relationship between work-related injuries, patient fatalities, types of injuries, and external causes of injuries based on the ONEISS data from 2010 to 2020. It is recommended that the study results be used in evaluating work-related accidents and in conducting comprehensive health assessments.
Read the full paper: https://actamedicaphilippina.upm.edu.ph/index.php/acta/article/view/6259