Urban planning for age-friendly environments is an important issue, and occupational therapists and occupational scientists could contribute to planning such environments. However, knowledge of the potential roles of occupational therapists is limited. A Q-methodology study was conducted to obtain the views of occupational therapists and stakeholders regarding their roles in the urban planning of age-friendly environments for older people in Japan. Participants included eight occupational therapists and seven stakeholders who completed the Q-sorting process. Three viewpoints emerged which can be interpreted as potential roles of occupational therapists: (1) promote older people’s participation in everyday activities in their communities, (2) advocate for older people towards policy-making to reflect their occupational needs or perspectives, and (3) arrange neighborhood environments towards enhancing participation in occupation through adjustments to compensate for functional limitations. Results reveal the potential roles of occupational therapists in urban planning for age-friendly environments in Japan. These roles can be a guide in the continuing professional development of occupational therapists in the fields of urban planning for older people.

Read full paper: https://doi.org/10.1080/11038128.2023.2170913